Analyst: No Matter Who Loses Israel-Hamas War, Iran Wins


There might be just one winner within the battle that has damaged out between Israel and the Palestinian militant group Hamas. And it’s neither Israel nor Hamas.

In an operation coined “the Al-Aqsa Storm,” Hamas, whose formal title is the Islamic Resistance Motion, fired 1000’s of rockets into Israel on Oct. 7, 2023. Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad fighters infiltrated Israel by land, sea and air. Hundreds of Israelis have been killed, greater than 2,000 injured, and plenty of taken hostage.

In response, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared war on Hamas and launched airstrikes in Gaza. Within the first day of reprisals, near 400 Palestinians had been killed, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry.

Within the weeks forward, the Israeli army will certainly retaliate and kill a whole lot extra Palestinian militants and civilians. As an analyst of Middle East politics and security, I consider that 1000’s on each side will endure. However when the smoke settles, just one nation’s pursuits can have been served: Iran’s.

Already, some analysts are suggesting that Tehran’s fingerprints can be seen on the shock assault on Israel. On the very least, Iran’s leaders have reacted to the assault with encouragement and support.

The decisive issue shaping Iran’s international coverage was the 1979 overthrow of the U.S.-friendly, repressive Shah of Iran and the switch of state energy into the arms of a Shiite Muslim revolutionary regime. That regime was outlined by stark anti-American imperialism and anti-Israeli Zionism.

The revolution, its leaders claimed, was not simply towards the corrupt Iranian monarchy; it was supposed to confront oppression and injustice in every single place, and particularly these governments backed by the US – chief among them, Israel.

For Iran’s leaders, Israel and the US represented immorality, injustice and the greatest threat to Muslim society and Iranian safety. The enduring hostility felt towards Israel is in no small half attributable to its close ties with the shah and Israel’s position in his sustained oppression of the Iranian individuals. Along with the U.S. Central Intelligence Company, Israel’s intelligence service, the Mossad, helped organize the shah’s secret police and intelligence service, the SAVAK. This group relied on more and more harsh techniques to place down dissenters throughout the shah’s final 20 years in energy, together with mass imprisonment, torture, disappearances, pressured exile and killing 1000’s of Iranians.

Assist for Palestinian liberation was a central theme of Iran’s revolutionary message. The 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon – in retaliation for Lebanon-based Palestinian assaults towards Israel – offered Iran a possibility to dwell as much as its anti-Zionist rhetoric by difficult Israeli troopers in Lebanon and checking U.S. affect within the area.

Subsidizing battle

To that finish, Iran despatched its Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps – a branch of Iran’s military, usually known as the “Revolutionary Guard” – to Lebanon to prepare and help Lebanese and Palestinian militants. In Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley, Revolutionary Guardsmen instructed Shiite resistance fighters in faith, revolutionary ideology and guerrilla techniques, and offered weapons, funds, coaching and encouragement. Iran’s management remodeled these early trainees from a ragtag band of fighters into Lebanon’s strongest political and army power right now, and Iran’s greatest foreign policy success, Hezbollah.

Because the early Nineteen Eighties, Iran has maintained help for anti-Israeli militant teams and operations. The Islamic Republic has publicly pledged millions of {dollars} of annual help to teams and offers superior army coaching for 1000’s of Palestinian fighters at Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah bases in Iran and Lebanon.

Iran runs a classy smuggling community to funnel weapons into Gaza, which has lengthy been lower off from the skin world by an Israeli blockade.

By way of the Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah, Iran has inspired and enabled Palestinian Islamic Jihad and Hamas violence, and these Palestinian fighters now symbolize a vital factor in what international affairs analysts name Iran’s “Axis of Resistance” towards Israel and the US, which constitutes Iran’s chief purpose.

However Iran can not danger confronting both state immediately.

Iranian weapons, funds and coaching allow surges in Palestinian militant violence towards Israel when frustrations boil over, together with throughout the Palestinian uprisings generally known as the first and second intifadas.

Israeli-Palestinian conflicts and demise tolls have escalated steadily since 2020. Palestinians are outraged by elevated evictions and destruction of property, and how Israel allows Israeli nationalists and settlers to violate a long-standing settlement stopping Jewish prayer on the Al-Aqsa Mosque – a web site holy to each Muslims and Jews. Actually, a current incursion by settlers into Al-Aqsa was particularly cited by Hamas as a justification for the Oct. 7 assault.

Attacking normalization

That’s not to say that Iran ordered Hamas’ assault on Israel, nor that Iran controls Palestinian militants – they aren’t Iranian puppets. Nonetheless, Iran’s leaders welcomed the assaults, the timing of which serendipitously works in Iran’s favor and performs into the Islamic republic’s regional battle for affect.

“What befell right now is consistent with the continuation of victories for the anti-Zionist resistance in several fields, together with Syria, Lebanon and occupied lands,” in line with Iranian foreign ministry spokesperson Nasser Kanani.

The week earlier than the Hamas assault, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman denied reports that Saudi Arabia had paused its current efforts to normalize relations with Israel, which features a formal declaration of Israel’s proper to exist and elevated diplomatic engagement. “Every single day we get nearer,” he stated, an evaluation praised and echoed by Netanyahu.

Map of Israel
(Picture credit score: Beneath the Sky on Shutterstock)

Israeli-Saudi normalization would symbolize the head of accomplishment to date in U.S. diplomatic efforts, together with the Abraham Accords, signed by Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Morocco in 2020. The accords aimed to normalize and build peaceful relations between Israel and Arab countries throughout the Center East and in Africa.

Iranian supreme chief Ali Khamenei lambasted Arab states for signing the Abraham Accords, accusing them of “treason towards the worldwide Islamic neighborhood.”

Hezbollah chief Hassan Nasrallah praised Saturday’s violence towards Israel and echoed Khamenei’s sentiments, warning that the assaults despatched a message, “particularly to these searching for normalization with this enemy.”

Israel’s anticipated heavy-handed response is more likely to complicate Saudi Arabia’s normalization with Israel within the close to time period, furthering Iran’s goals. Netanyahu stated that Israel’s retaliatory operation seeks three objectives: to get rid of the specter of infiltrators and restore peace to attacked Israeli communities, to concurrently “actual an immense value from the enemy” in Gaza, and to bolster “different fronts in order that no person ought to mistakenly be part of this battle.” This final goal is a delicate however clear warning to Hezbollah and Iran to remain out of the combat.

Israeli troops have already mobilized to safe its borders, and airstrikes have hit Gaza. In all chance, Palestinian attackers might be killed or arrested in a matter of days. Israeli troops and air forces will goal recognized or suspected rocket launch, manufacturing, storage and transportation websites, together with the properties of Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad members. However within the course of, a whole lot of civilians will possible additionally lose their lives.

I consider that Iran expects and welcomes all of this.

How Iran wins

There are at the least three potential outcomes to the battle, and so they all play in Iran’s favor.

First, Israel’s heavy-handed response could flip off Saudi Arabia and different Arab states to U.S.-backed Israeli normalization efforts. Second, if Israel deems it essential to push additional into Gaza to eradicate the menace, this might provoke one other Palestinian rebellion in East Jerusalem or the West Financial institution, resulting in a extra widespread Israeli response and higher instability.

Lastly, Israel might obtain its first two goals with the minimal quantity of power mandatory, foregoing traditional heavy-handed techniques and lowering probabilities of escalation. However that is unlikely. And even when this occurred, the underlying causes that led to this newest outbreak of violence, and the enabling position Iran performs in that course of, haven’t been addressed.

And when the subsequent spherical of Israeli-Palestinian violence happens – and it’ll – I consider Iran’s leaders will once more congratulate themselves for a job nicely achieved.The Conversation

Article written by Aaron Pilkington, PhD Candidate at Korbel Faculty of Worldwide Research, University of Denver

This text is republished from The Conversation beneath a Inventive Commons license. Learn the original article.

Aaron Pilkington is a U.S. Air Pressure analyst of Center East affairs now learning on the College of Denver, conducting analysis on Iranian nationwide safety technique. He’ll later be part of the Army & Strategic Research division on the U.S. Air Pressure Academy. The views expressed are these of the writer and don’t mirror the official place of the Division of Protection, Division of the Air Pressure, the US Air Pressure Academy, or every other organizational affiliation

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