Eating prunes daily could be a superfood for bone health and reducing inflammation

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STATE COLLEGE, Pa. — It may be time so as to add prunes to your weight loss plan. A brand new research exhibits that the superfood reduces irritation and preserves bone well being. Researchers say the each day consumption of prunes may probably cut back irritation markers related to bone well being and mitigate the results of bone loss in postmenopausal girls.

Bone loss is a major challenge impacting greater than 50 p.c of ladies over the age of fifty, and there’s no remedy,” says research principal investigator Dr. Mary Jane De Souza, a professor within the Division of Kinesiology at Penn State College. “Whereas drugs and hormone therapies can be found, they usually require lifelong administration and include dangers. It’s necessary to have a greater understanding of how non-pharmacological approaches – like lifestyle and dietary choices—also can affect the development and mitigation of bone loss.”

The research’s findings show noteworthy reductions in inflammatory cytokines, that are proteins that regulate irritation, and activated monocytes, a sort of immune cell related to chronic inflammation. These reductions have been noticed when individuals integrated 50 to 100 grams of prunes (roughly 5-12 prunes) into their each day weight loss plan. Particularly, reductions have been noticed in Tumor Necrosis Issue-α (TNF-α) following 50 grams of each day prune consumption, and reductions in Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretions, in addition to activated monocytes, with 100 grams of prune consumption.

“These findings could also be attributed to the abundance of bioactive compounds present in prunes, together with nutritional vitamins, minerals, phenolic acids and polyphenols, that are doubtless performing synergistically to suppress activated monocytes and their secretion of bone-resorptive inflammatory cytokines,” explains research co-author Dr. Connie Rogers, the pinnacle of the Division of Dietary Sciences on the College of Georgia, in a media release.

Prunes
Findings present that non-pharmacological approaches, like prunes, could also be helpful for postmenopausal girls. (CREDIT: California Prune Board)

This research is a component of a bigger randomized managed trial generally known as the PRUNE research, which explored immune, inflammatory, and oxidative stress markers associated to the bone-protective results of prunes in postmenopausal girls. The PRUNE research concerned 183 individuals who have been divided into three teams: a management group who didn’t eat prunes, a gaggle consuming 50 grams of prunes each day, and a gaggle consuming 100 grams of prunes each day. The individuals adopted the prescribed prune protocol for 12 months, with compliance monitored by means of each day logs.

Examine individuals additionally acquired each day calcium and vitamin D3 supplements to fulfill really helpful dietary allowances. Measurements of immune, inflammatory, and oxidative stress markers have been taken firstly and finish of the 12-month intervention.

“These findings add to a rising physique of analysis and curiosity investigating the function of ‘meals as medication’ and complement different research I’ve carried out utilizing the identical knowledge,” notes Dr. De Souza. “For instance, the earlier research I led confirmed connections between hip bone integrity and each day consumption of prunes — the place postmenopausal girls who didn’t eat prunes misplaced 1.5 p.c of their hip bone density in comparison with girls who ate five-to-six prunes each day. Collectively, these findings have important sensible significance given the prevalence of bone loss amongst this inhabitants.”

Donn Zea, government director of the California Prune Board, emphasised the dedication to rigorous diet analysis.

“Our funding within the PRUNE research has led to many key publications and novel findings that may assist enhance public well being and the understanding of the function meals might play in illness prevention and administration,” says Zea. “We’re deeply dedicated to the scientific rigor of our diet analysis program which supplies a license to speak how having fun with California Prunes can affect well being outcomes.”

The research is revealed in The Journal of Nutrition.

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