Should You Take Probiotics? Investigating The Role Of Gut Health In Weight Loss

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BOULDER, Colo. — In case you’ve ever contemplated the query, “Ought to I be taking a probiotic?” you’re not alone. Dr. Maggie Stanislawski, assistant professor within the College of Colorado Division of Biomedical Informatics (DBMI), encounters this question regularly. Her recommendation, nonetheless, isn’t a simple “sure” or “no.” Each particular person’s intestine well being is particular person, that means the probiotics you discover on retailer cabinets won’t be the magic bullet for everybody.

Dr. Stanislawski, whose experience lies within the connection between gut health, obesity, and associated ailments, means that it’s important to nurture a various mixture of intestine micro organism, often known as the microbiome. Her analysis delves into how modifications in food regimen can affect the microbiome, particularly within the context of weight reduction.

A examine led by Dr. Vicki Catenacci, an affiliate professor for the College of Colorado Division of Medication, in contrast two in style weight loss methods: intermittent fasting and the extra standard each day calorie restriction. Individuals following intermittent fasting would eat considerably much less (about 25% of their traditional consumption) on three non-consecutive days of the week, whereas these on a each day calorie-restricted food regimen reduce their each day energy by round 30 p.c.

Dr. Stanislawski analyzed the intestine well being of contributors from each teams and located constructive outcomes.

“Dr. Catenacci and her crew have been aiming to know intermittent fasting as a result of it’s change into actually in style, however some clinicians are hesitant to advocate it for weight reduction,” says Dr. Stanislawski in a university release. “This might give people who find themselves making an attempt to reduce weight extra choices. As you may think, having the ability to eat no matter you need on a selected day, reminiscent of for a celebration or social engagement, is de facto useful.”

Intermittent fasting concept on blue table
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Dr. Stanislawski elaborated on a specific measure of microbiome well being referred to as “alpha variety,” which gauges the number of microbes current. A diverse microbiome is usually linked with higher well being. She discovered each weight reduction methods confirmed an equal improve on this measure.

“This implies that you may select a dietary weight reduction technique that works for you, and both method your microbiome will possible shift and improve variety,” says Dr. Stanislawski.

Nevertheless, the implications of the analysis stretch past the intestine. One other College of Colorado examine checked out how the microbiome may affect DNA methylation – a course of affecting gene exercise with out altering the precise DNA sequence.

“It’s one of many a number of epigenetic mechanisms that regulate our genes with out straight altering our DNA sequences,” explains Dr. Iain Konigsberg, of the DBMI. “DNA methylation is a dynamic course of, and it impacts compaction of our DNA and accessibility by regulatory equipment. The concept is that, very broadly talking, elevated methylation at gene regulatory areas usually represses expression of these genes.”

As an example, whereas sure genes may predispose somebody to a illness, main a wholesome life-style may hold them dormant. Nevertheless, dangerous habits, like smoking, can activate them.

Linking this again to their weight reduction examine, researchers discovered a relationship between the gut microbiome and DNA methylation.

“Our outcomes reinforce this concept that we may even see a number of modifications in microbes which can be related to food regimen and weight problems throughout weight reduction,” says Dr. Konigsberg. “We additionally see abundance of microbes related to DNA methylation ranges in genes that we all know are concerned in related processes within the physique, reminiscent of metabolism.”

The examine is revealed within the journal Nutrients.

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